Dec 16, 2009

Japanese Language Made Simpler - Lesson 24

Fourthly, the particle 'で' is used to express reason.

The structure of the phrase will be in this form:
[reason] で= because of [reason]
[reason] has to be a noun.

For example:
  • I have a headache because of a cold. = kaze de atama ga itai desu. = 風で頭が痛いです。(kaze=cold/flu, atama=head, itai=painful)
  • I did not do gardening because of the rain. = ame de niwa o soji shimasendeshita. = 雨で庭を掃除しませんでした。(ame= rain, niwa=garden, souji shimasu= clean up)